The checking of ahadith in the book 'Signs before the Day of Judgement'


			by Ibn Kathir

Translated by Mrs. Huda Khattab. Publisher Dar Al Taqwa Ltd.,
1991. Checking done by Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank, and revised by
Usama Hasan. Published by Jam`iat Ihyaa' Minhaaj al-Sunnah, 24
Bishops Hill, Suffolk, IP3 8EN.

Key to Abbreviations:

SJ   Sahih al-Jami al-Saghir
DJ   Da`if al-Jami al-Saghir
SS   Silsilatul Ahadith as-Sahihah
SD   Silsilatul Ahadith ad-Da`ifah
MT   al-Mishkat, 1st checking
SHD  Sahih Abi Daud
ST   Sahih at-Tirmidzi
SM   Sahih ibn Majah
DM   Da`if ibn Majah

     The references listed above are by Shaikh Muhammad Nasiruddin
al-Albani.

MA   Musnad Imam Ahmad, checking by Ahmad Shakir
KS   Kashful Astar bi zawa'id al-Bazzar of al-Haithumi
MZ   Majma' az-Zawaid of al-Haithumi
MK   Mustadrak of al-Hakim

The entry numbers refer to the footnote reference number unless
stated otherwise.

                            Introduction
  
  3rd line, pg. 6
      Wrong spelling; al-Mazi should be al-Mizzi.

                              Chapter 1
  
  7, pg. 10/11
      "O people, this world is full of attractive temptations
      ..."
      Da`if, al-Musnad (3/61) [or 2/61 as stated in the book??]
      and at-Tirmidzi and  al-Hakim (4/505). Da`if due to `Ali
      ibn Zaid ibn Jad'an. MT: 5145. Parts of the complete speech
      are authentic, see Ibn Kathir's comments on pg. 11.

                              Chapter 3
  
  1, pg. 14
      "The Jews have split into seventy-one sects ..."
      Sahih, SM: 3225.
  
  2, pg. 14.
      "The Jews split into seventy-one sects ..."
      Sahih, SJ: 1082, the narration of `Awf ibn Malik is also
      reported by Ibn Majah (no. 4992), Ibn Abi `Asim in as-
      Sunnah (no. 63) and al-Lalikai in Sharhus Sunnah (no.
      1492).
  
  3, pg. 14
      "Among the signs of the Hour will be the disappearance of
      knowledge and the appearance of ignorance. Adultery will be
      prevalent and the drinking of wine will be common ..."
      Sahih, al-Bukhari and Muslim.
  
  1st paragraph, pg. 15
      "Islam will be worn out like clothes ..." (Ibn Majah and
      Hakim)
      Sahih, SS: 87.

                              Chapter 4
  
  1, pg. 16
      "O Muhajirun, you may be afflicted by five things ..."
      Sahih, SS: 106-107.
  
  2, pg. 16
      "If my Ummah bears fifteen traits ..."
      Da`if, DJ: 608.
  
  3, pg. 17
      "The Hour will come when leaders are oppressors, when
      people believe in the stars and reject al-Qadar ..."
      Al-Haithumi says, "al-Bazzar reports it and it contains
      narrators I do not know."
      [Compiler's note]: we don't know what the status of the
      hadith is - no muhaddith (as far as we know) has given a
      definite verdict.
  
  4, pg. 17
      "Some people of this Ummah will be swallowed up by the
      earth ..."
      Sahih, SS: 1604.

                              Chapter 6
  
  1, pg. 20
      "Even if there were only one day left ..."
      Sahih, Ahmad and Abu Daud, SJ: 5305.
  
  2, pg. 20
      "The Mahdi is one of us ..."
      Sahih SJ: 6735. It has been mistranslated slightly, it
      should be "In one night, Allah will prepare him," the
      mention of inspiration and the carrying out of the task is
      explanatory.
  
  3, pg. 20
      "This son of mine ..."
      Da`if Munqati' (chain of narration is broken), MT: 5462.
  
  1st paragraph, pg. 21
      "This religion will remain steadfast ..."
      "... returned to his house" is a da`if addition. The rest
      of the hadith is sahih.
  
  4, pg. 21
      "If there were only one day ..."
      Sahih, SHD: 3601.
  
  3rd paragraph, pg. 21
      "A man from my household ..."
      Hasan, SJ: 8160.
  
  5, pg. 21
      "If there were only one day ..."
      Sahih, ST: 1819.
  
  6, pg. 21
      "The Mahdi will be ..."
      Hasan, SHD: 3604. Translation states, "... a hooked nose."
      Correct translation is "... an aquiline nose."
  
  7, pg. 21
      "The Mahdi will be one of my descendants ..."
      Sahih, SHD: 3603.
  
  8, pg. 22
      "People will begin to differ ..."
      Da`if, MT: 5456.
  
  2nd paragraph, pg. 22
      "A man named al-Harith ibn Hirath will come from
      Transoxania ..."
      Da`if, DJ: 6418.
  
  9, pg. 22
      "A people will come out of the East ..."
      Da`if, SD: 4826.
  
  10, pg. 22/23
      "We are the people of a Household ..."
      Da`if, DM: 886.
  
  11, pg. 23
      Footnote refers to hadith no. 3, pg. 20.
  
  12, pg. 23
      "Three men will be killed ..."
      Da`if Munkar (the isnad is weak and moreover the meaning is
      wrong). In this case, the mention of "Khalifah of Allah" is
      munkar because Allah cannot have a successor or vicegerent
      in His absence, SD: 85.
  
  13, pg. 24
      "By Allah, every ruler we have had ..."
      Da`if. Its isnad contains Mujahid ibn Sa`id.

                              Chapter 7
  
  16, pg. 28/29
      "When what happened to the Israelites happens among you
      ..."
      Da`if due to the `an`anah (usage of the word `an (from)) of
      Makhool, DM: 870.
  
  17, pg. 29
      "Woe to the Arabs from the great evil ..."
      Sahih. Weak isnad but supported by other narrations similar
      in meaning. MA: 2/390.
  
  18. pg. 29
      "O Thawban, what will you do when ..."
      Sahih, SS: 958. Wording should be "dislike of death".
  
  19, pg. 29/30
      "There will be a tribulation ..."
      Sahih. MA: [??] Ahmad's narration contains an unnamed
      narrator who is named in the narration of Abdur Razaq, no.
      20727 and al-Hakim, 4/320, and he is reliable.
  
  20, pg. 30
      "There will be a tribulation ..."
      Sahih, SHD: 3580.
  
  21, pg. 30
      "I bear witness that the Prophet (S) ..."
      Sahih, al-Irwa, no. 2451 of Shaikh al-Albani.
      It is sahih but has not been reported by Muslim, as main
      text states.
  
  22, pg. 30
      "Before the Hour comes ..."
      Sahih, Abu Daud and Ibn Majah, SS: 1535.
  
  23, pg. 31
      "The Prophet (S) was riding a donkey ..."
      Sahih, al-Irwa, no: 2451.
  
  24, pg. 31/32
      "We were on a journey with the Prophet (S) ..."
      Sahih, SS: 241.
  
  25, pg. 32
      "If you see my Ummah fearing a tyrant ..."
      Da`if, SD: 1264. Its isnad contains the `an`anah of Abu
      Zubair, but its last part ("Among my ummah ...") is
      supported. See SS: 1787.

                              Chapter 8
  
  1, pg. 34
      "Six things will happen to this Ummah ..."
      Da`if, MA: 6623. Weak hadith due to Abra Iamah al-Kalbi.
  
  3, pg. 34
      "It will not come until you see ten signs ..."
      Wrong spelling, Ibn `Ubayd should be Ibn Usayd.
      Reported by Muslim, not by Ahmad as main text states.

                              Chapter 9
  
  1, pg. 36
      "You will make a peace treaty ..."
      Sahih, SJ: 3612.
  
  4, pg. 38
      "The Hour will not come until the ..."
      Fabricated. The reason is Kathir ibn `Abdillah, who is
      declared a liar by Abu Daud and Shafi'e. He narrates a
      fabricated collection of hadith.
  
  7, pg. 38/39
      "You will fight the Romans ..."
      Fabricated. Same reasons as the previous one. Reported by al-
      Bazzar, KS: 3386.
  
  2nd paragraph, pg. 39
      "The building of Bayt al-Maqdis ..."
      Hasan, MT: 5424.
  
  8, pg. 39
      ".. Dajjal will not be able to enter Madinah ..."
      Hasan.

                             Chapter 10
  
  2, pg. 41
      "Just before the Hour ..."
      Ahmad's isnad contains Ibn Lahi'ah who reports by way of
      `an, as does Abu Zubair. Al-Bazzar's isnad contains `Abdur-
      Rahman ibn Maghra and Mujahid ibn Sa`id. MZ: 7/335.
      [Compiler's note]: we don't know what the status of the
      hadith is - no muhaddith (as far as we know) has given a
      definite verdict.
  
  4, pg. 41
      "The Hour will not come until thirty 'dajjals' appear ..."
      Sahih.
  
  5, pg. 41
      "The Hour will not come ..."
      Hasan, SHD: 3643.
  
  6, pg. 41
      "Just before the Hour ..."
      Sahih, SS: 1683.
  
  7, pg. 41/42
      "There will be 'dajjals' ..."
      Da`if isnad, but Muslim reports similar wording.
  
  8, pg. 42
      "There will be thirty liars ..."
      Sahih[??]
      wrong reference, op. cit. 5/46, should be op. cit. 5/278.
  
  9, pg. 42
      "Verily before the Day of Resurrection ..."
      Hasan, SS: 1683, MA: 5694.
  
  4th paragraph, pg. 42
      "Among my Ummah there will be more than seventy callers
      ..."
      Da`if. Reported by Abu Ya'la. Its isnad contains Laith ibn
      Abi Sulaim.
  
  10, pg. 42
      "... as for this man about whom you have spoken so much-he
      is one of the thirty liars who will appear before the Hour,
      and there is no town that will not feel the fear of the
      Antichrist."
      Sahih, MZ: 7/335.
  
  11, pg. 42
      "He is one of the thirty liars who will appear before the
      Dajjal. There is no town which will escape the fear of the
      Dajjal, apart from Madinah ..."
      Sahih, MA: 5/41. It is part of no. 10 above, which is not
      given in full in the book.
  
  12, pg. 42
      "The time of the Dajjal will be years of confusion ... the
      Rubiwaybidah will have a say ... those who rebel against
      Allah and will have a say in general affairs."
      Sahih. Its isnad is hasan and is further supported, SS:
      1887, KS: 3373.

                             Chapter 12
  
  3, pg. 51/52
      "The Dajjal will appear at the end of time, when religion
      is taken lightly ..."
      Da`if. SD: 1969. It contains the `an`anah of Abu Zubair.
      Parts are found in authentic narrations. Refer to Dajjal
      section in Sahih Muslim.

                             Chapter 14
  
  1, pg. 58/59
      "... for three years before the Dajjal emerges, the people
      will suffer severe hunger ..."
      Da`if. DM: 884. Parts are supported.

                             Chapter 16
  
  1, pg. 66
      "The Dajjal will emerge in a land in the east called
      Khurasan ..."
      Sahih, SM: 4072.
  
  2, pg. 66/67
      "During the three years just before the Dajjal comes, there
      will be one year when the sky will withhold one-third of
      its rain and the earth one-third of its fruits ..."
      Da`if, MT: 5491. Its isnad contains Sharh ibn Hawshab, who
      is weak.

                             Chapter 18
  
  2nd paragraph, pg. 70
      "... the Dajjal's kunyah (nickname) would be Abu Yusuf."
      Reported as the saying of ash-Sha'bi. The reporter, Mujahid
      ibn Sa'id is weak.
  
  3rd paragraph, pg. 70
      "The Dajjal's parents will remain childless for thirty
      years ... woman."
      Da`if, MT: 6445.
  
  1, pg. 70
      "We heard that a child had been born to some of the Jews in
      Madinah ..."
      Da`if due to Ali ibn Zaid ibn Jad'an.
  
  2, pg. 72
      "The son of Mary will kill the Dajjal at the gate of Ludd."
      Sahih, ST: 1829.

                             Chapter 19
  
  2, pg. 74
      "The son of Mary will come down as a just leader ..."
      The Tabi'e is Ziyad ibn Sa'd, who is mentioned by Ibn
      Hibban in ath-Thiqat al-Bukhari and Abu Hatim did not speak
      for nor against him. Ibn Kathir says the report is good and
      strong.
  
  4, pg. 74/75
      "The Prophets are like brothers: they have different
      mothers but their religion is one ..."
      Sahih as declared by al-Hakim and adh-Dhahabi. Qatadah's
      hearing it is reported in a later narration in al-Musnad
      2/436.
  
  5, pg. 75
      "On the night of the Isra' ..."
      Da`if, DJ: 4709. See Sahih Muslim translation, no. 6924.

                             Chapter 21
  
  1, pg. 77
      "Every day, Gog and Magog are trying to dig a way out
      through the barrier ..."
      Sahih, SS: 1735.

                             Chapter 22
  
  2, pg. 79
      "Dhu'l-Suwayqatayn from Abyssinia will destroy the Ka`bah
      and steal its treasure and Kiswah ..."
      Da`if isnad. It contains the `an`anah of Abu Zubair. The
      first part, up to 'treasure' is hasan, SS: 771.
  
  3, pg. 79
      "Leave the Abyssinians alone so long as they do not disturb
      you ..."
      Hasan, SHD:
  
  4, pg. 79/80
      "It is as if I can see him now: he is black and his legs
      are widely spaced ..."
      Sahih, also reported in al-Bukhari.
  
  3rd paragraph, pg. 80
      "Day and night will not come to an end until a freeman
      called Jahjah holds sway."
      Sahih, Ahmad, Muslim and at-Tirmidzi. SS: 7684.
  
  5, pg. 80
      "The people of Makkah will leave, and only a few people
      will pass through it ..."
      Da`if, DJ: 3298. Da`if due to Ibn Lahi'ah and `an`anah of
      Abu Zubair.

                             Chapter 23
  
  1, pg. 81
      "A rider will go around Madinah and say ..."
      Da`if isnad due to Ibn Lahi'ah and `an`anah of Abu Zubair.
      The fact that Madinah will be deserted is reported from Abu
      Hurairah by al-Bukhari.

                             Chapter 24
  
  3rd paragraph, pg. 82
      Wrong spelling: Qutadah should be Qatadah.
  
  1, pg. 83
      The Prophet (S) took me to a place ... "The Beast will
      emerge from this place."
      Da`if Jiddan (very weak). Ibn Majah, no. 4067, DM: 882.
  
  2, pg. 83
      "(The Beast) will destroy the noses of the unbelievers with
      the ring ..."
      Da`if, DJ: 2413.

                             Chapter 25
  
  1, pg. 85
      'The day that certain of the Signs of thy Lord do come, no
      good will it do to a soul to believe in them then,'
      referring to the rising of the sun from the West.
      Sahih, ST: 2455.
  
  6, pg. 86
      "The first of the signs will be the rising of the sun from
      the West, and the emergence of the Beast in the forenoon
      ..."
      Sahih, MA: 6881.
  
  Last paragraph, pg. 86
      "Some scholars interpret ... the people of the West will
      carry the flag of Islam," is the translator's addition, not
      the words of Ibn Kathir.

                             Chapter 27
  
  1, pg. 90
      "Thunderbolts will increase so much as the Hour approaches
      that ..."
      Da`if isnad due to Muhammad ibn Mus'ab.
  
  2, pg. 90
      "The Hour will not come until there has been rain which
      will destroy all dwellings except tents."
      Sahih, MA: 7554 and MZ: 7/331.
  
  6, pg. 92
      "The Hour will not come until the time when a man will
      leave his home, and his shoes or whip or stick will tell
      what is happening to his family."
      Sahih [?? no ref?]
  
  7, pg. 92
      "By Him in Whose Hand is my soul, the Hour will not come
      until wild animals talk to men ..."
      Sahih, SS: 122.
  
  8, pg. 92
      "We were discussing the fact that the Hour would not come
      until there is no rain, the earth does not produce crops
      ..."
      Sahih, reported by Ahmad, Abu Ya'la and al-Bazzar. MZ:
      7/333 and KS: 3415.
  
  9, pg. 92
      "The Hour will not come until time passes so quickly that a
      year will be like a month, a month like a week, a week like
      a day, a day like an hour, and an hour like the time it
      takes for a palm-leaf to burn."
      Sahih, SJ: 7422.
  
  10, pg. 93
      "The world will not pass away until the one who enjoys it
      the most is the depraved son of the depraved."
      Sahih, SJ: 7272.
  
  11, pg. 93
      "Before the Hour comes, there will be years of deceit, in
      which a truthful person will be disbelieved and a liar will
      be believed; and the insignificant will have say."
      Hasan, SS: 1887.
  
  12, pg. 93
      "The Hour will not come until the sheep with horns no
      longer fights the sheep with no horns."
      Da`if?? [not quite sure] due to as-Salt ibn Quwaid; an-
      Nasai said, "His hadith is munkar."
  
  13, pg. 93
      "The Hour will not come until wealth increases so much that
      a wealthy man will be worried lest no-one accepts his
      sadaqah ..."
      Sahih, MA: 8120, 8121.
  
  14, pg. 93
      "By Him Who sent me with the Truth, this earth will not
      pass away until people are afflicted with landslides, are
      pelted with stones and are transformed into animals ..."
      Da`if, related by Al-Bazzar and at-Tabarani in al-Awsat. It
      is weak due to Sulaiman ibn Daud al-Yamami who is matruk
      (abandoned). MZ:
  
  15, pg. 93/94
      "Before the Hour comes, there will be a special greeting
      for the people of distinction; trade will become  so
      widespread that a woman will help her husband in business;
      family ties will be cut; the giving of false witness will
      be common, while truthful witness will be rare, and writing
      will be widespread."
      Sahih, SS: 648.

Chapter 28
  
  1, pg. 95
      "The Hour will not come until Allah takes away the best
      people on earth ..."
      Da`if isnad due to `an`anah of al-Hasan al-Basri.
  
  2, pg. 95
      "Eloquence can be bewitching; the worst of the people are
      those upon whom the Hour will come while they are still
      alive, and those who turn graves into mosques."
      Sahih, MA: 4342.
  
  3, pg. 95
      "The Hour will not come until no-one on earth says, La
      ilaha illa Allah."
      Sahih, Tahdhirus Sajid of Shaikh al-Albani, pg. 119.
  
  4, pg. 95
      "The Hour will not come until no-one on earth says, 'Allah,
      Allah'."
      Sahih, SJ: 7420.
  
  5, pg. 95/96
      "O A'ishah, your people will be the first of my Ummah to
      join me ..."
      Sahih, SS: 1953.
  
  6, pg. 96
      "The Hour will only come upon the worst of the people."
      Sahih, MK: 4/496. Declared sahih by al-Hakim and agreed to
      by adh-Dhahabi.